My Laser Girl

Melasma

MELASMA

by on Jan.24, 2010, under Conditions, Melasma

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin condition that mostly affects adult women with ethnic skin tones and is often triggered by a hormonal change. It is estimated that roughly 6 million women suffer from this condition in the United States. Although anyone can be affected by melasma, it is most commonly seen in Asian, Hispanic, Middle Eastern and African women. Melasma usually appears as patchy brown spots, typically on both sides of the face. It appears across the nose, cheeks, forehead and upper lip. Only ten percent of those affected by melasma are men.

Solutions:

  1. Affirm™ Fractional Laser Treatment
  2. Chemical Peel

Although the cause of melasma is still unknown, it seems that persons with a family history of melasma are more susceptible to developing the condition. Melasma is often triggered by a significant hormonal change like pregnancy and is sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy.” Other factors that can initiate the onset of melasma include birth control pills, sun exposure, and strong UV light exposure.

From a scientific standpoint, the process that develops melasma comes from the stimulation of pigment-producing cells in the skin called melanocytes. Because people with darker skin naturally have more melanocytes, the occurrence of melasma is much higher for this group. When a person who is already susceptible to melasma is exposed to the sun, the skin reacts by producing an excess amount of pigment.

How is it treated?

It is possible that melasma may disappear over time for some people; however, it can remain for many years after its onset. If the melasma arrived with the beginning of a birth control pill cycle, it may disappear by discontinuing the prescription. Right now, sunscreen is the most important weapon we have for the prevention of melasma. For those who have already developed melasma, it is crucial that sunscreen is worn all the time to prevent any kind of accidental exposure to UV light.

The Affirm laser delivers a series of microscopic, closely spaced laser spots to the skin while simultaneously preserving normal healthy skin between the laser spots. This preservation of healthy skin results in rapid healing following the laser treatment. The entire face can be treated with the laser in approximately 30 minutes.

Aside from the Affirm laser treatment, there are several other types of treatment available for melasma. Assessment by a doctor will help you determine which method will be effective.

Bleaching creams do not technically “bleach” the melanocytes but cause a decrease in activity of these pigment-producing cells. These creams contain low concentrations of hydroquinone, which is a widely used de-pigmenting agent and is often effective for mild melasma.

With any of the creams, it takes about three months to see an improvement in melasma. With more severe cases, we may prescribe creams with higher concentrations of hydroquinone. Other ingredients that may enhance the bleaching effect of the creams are tretinoin, steroids, and glycolic acid. Sunscreen is essential and comes combined with the bleaching cream in some products.

Two other medications that have been found to help melasma are azelaic acid and kojic acid. It is important to follow the direction of Dr. Bararia or Image by Design’s own medical aesthetician, Jena, carefully in order to get the maximum benefit from your treatment regimen and to avoid irritation and other side effects. Other treatments that may or may not help in the treatment of melasma include chemical peels and XPL, but the results have not been consistent.

Only a doctor can help you to manage or eliminate melasma. If you suffer from melasma, help yourself by avoiding the sun and other skin irritants, and come see us at Image by Design.

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